The Federal Republic of Somalia launches first population data since 1975

Mogadishu, 26 May 2015 – The Federal Republic of Somalia today launched the first comprehensive estimation of the Somali population in over four decades at the Police Academy in Mogadishu; a groundbreaking initiative that will inform development programmes in the country.

Carried out between October 2013 and March 2014 in collaboration with international partners, the survey collected information from 250,000 households in urban, rural, nomadic settings and camps for the internally displaced people. The survey provides crucial information on the size, gender and age of Somali citizens, as well as how they are distributed. It also determines how many Somalis live in urban and rural areas and camps for the internally displaced, and how many live nomadic lifestyles.

“In deciding to hold a Population Estimation Survey (PESS) 2013-2014, two years before the proposed 2016 official census, we were acting upon our critical need to obtain basic information and bridging the information gap, so that our plans should be based on the real situation. We are now paving way for the proposed census, which is a mammoth undertaking in itself in a country which is only beginning to emerge from a system that fragmented in every aspect of social and political life and entering a new era,”  said Abdirahman Aynte, Minister of Planning and International Cooperation .

Among other findings, this unprecedented estimate indicates that about three-quarters of Somalis are below 30 years, and around 46 percent of the population is below the age of 15. These numbers further highlight the urgency to invest in young people today by ensuring education and employment opportunities and providing the young men and women with access to health services to improve the lives of future generations.

Another striking finding is the fact that about half of the total female population comprises women of childbearing age (15-49 years). This large proportion of mothers and potential mothers requires focused dedication for investment in maternal health care and health education in order to minimise the risks of mothers losing their lives during pregnancy or while delivering babies.

“For UNFPA, our focus is that no woman should die while giving life and the participation of these young women in substantive income generating activities could spiral the growth of the Somali economy, while improving their families’ quality of life,” UNFPA’s Deputy Regional Director for the Arab States, Francois Farah, said at the event.

The newly collected information will enable the authorities to better design the next phase of this work, which is official census.

“The completion of this survey is a historic event for the Somali people. It gives the Somali authorities and us international partners a much better understanding of how many schools are needed for school-aged children, where to build hospitals, and what kind of services the people around the country will need,” said Philippe Lazzarini, the United Nations Resident Coordinator for Somalia.

In the near term, data that has been collected but still needs to be analyzed also has the potential to provide information on a range of socio-economic realities, including the use of basic social services such as education, water and sanitation, occupation, mobility and migration patterns.

For further information, please contact the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation.

info@mopic.gov.so

Somalia Launches First National Development Plan in 30 Years

PRESS RELEASE

Mogadishu, Somalia

The Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) has today launched the first draft of the first National Development Plan (NDP) in 30 years after successfully implementing the New Deal Compact for Somalia for three years.

“This is a major milestone for Somalia and its development agenda,” said Abdi Aynte, Minister of Planning and International Cooperation, whose ministry prepared the draft. “The NDP is the strongest signal yet that Somalia has now entered a development stage after decades of state collapse and a shattered economy. The historic nature of achieving this momentous task, notwithstanding very limited state capacity, can not be understated.”

Minister Aynte said the NDP covers three fiscal years (2017-2019) and is compliant with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Interim Poverty Reduction Paper (iPRSP), both global frameworks for poverty alleviation and economic growth. He added that the four overarching objectives of the NDP are:

  1. a) To quantitatively reduce abject poverty by reviving key economic sectors such as livestock, farming, fishing, ICT, finance and banking
  2. b) To repair vital infrastructure, starting with clean energy and water, economic beltways, ports and airports
  3. c) To qualitatively strengthen state capacity by reforming and streamlining the public administration sector
  4. d) To sustain political inclusivity, accelerate security sector reform and strengthen the rule of law across federal and state levels

“Due to the unique nature of Somalia, this NDP is inclusive of politics, security and the rule of law,” said Aynte. “We must compliment and sustain the demonstrable progress made over the past three years under the New Deal Compact for Somalia.”

The Compact expires in 2016, and the NDP is designed to pick up from where the Compact leaves, said Minister Aynte. He added that the FGS made an agreement with its international partners, through a ‘Mutual Accountability Framework’, to maintain close working relationship during the lifespan of the NDP.

Minister Aynte said the NDP is based on extensive consultations with many stakeholders, starting with federal member states. The team from the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation (MoPIC) traveled to all existing member states (except Somaliland) and conducted consultations with state and local governments, as well as civil society, with special focus on women and youth groups, and the private sector.

According to the Population Estimate Survey for Somalia, which was released in 2015, over 70% of Somalia’s 12.3 million people are under the age of 30, and slightly over 50% are female. Furthermore, about 11% of Somalia’s population is Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) spread across the country.

“We mainstreamed gender throughout the NDP, thanks to a close collaboration with our Ministry of Gender and Human Rights and UN Women,” said Minister Aynte. “But more than anything else, the NDP caters to the youth—Somalia’s largest group. We believe that the youth bulge in our country poses great deal of risks, but it can also become an advantage to our economy and the vibrancy of our society. In addition, we have a strong component in the NDP tailored for the most vulnerable part of our population: IDPs. It’s called ‘Durable Solutions for the Displaced.’”

President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud welcomed the launch of the NDP.

“This is by far one of the greatest achievements of my administration,” said President Mohamud. “Our legacy will be that we were able to define our development priorities in a way that promotes tangible economic growth and resilient communities. The NDP unlocks Somalia’s economic potential by introducing innovative solutions to persistent impediments. ”

Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Sharmarke echoed the President’s remarks:

“That we were able to craft such a comprehensive NDP in such a short time speaks to the determination of my cabinet,” he said, adding: “We must now translate the NDP into bankable projects and commit state institutions to cooperate on implementation.”

The MoPIC intends to launch a second round of consultations to improve the first draft of the NDP. It anticipates to finalize the NDP by August. The Ministry intends to release the finalized NDP, along with annexes detailing costs, management and implementation plan and monitoring and evaluations framework.

You can download the summary of the NDP in the link below

national-development-plan-summary

Food Security and Peace building in Africa

Panellist Statement:  H.E. Abdullahi Sheikh Ali, Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation (MOPIC), Federal Government of Somalia

wasir-abdullahi-300x107-300x107FAO Director-General, Excellencies, Ambassadors, distinguished fellow panelists, ladies and gentlemen.

His Excellency Abdi Aynte, Minister of Planning and International Cooperation of the Federal Government of Somalia is unable to attend today’s event but I am delighted to have been asked to represent him for this exciting and important discussion.

Total cereal production in Somalia in 1988 – three years before the outbreak of conflict in 1991, and almost thirty years ago – was two times what it was in 2015.  I should know, because I was the Acting Director-General in the Ministry of Agriculture at that time.

The causes of the conflict that ravaged my country are long and complex.  Instead, I will focus on the path my Government and the people of Somalia are taking to build enduring and lasting peace, growth and stability.

Over 40% of Somali’s people survive with only one meal a day.  That’s almost 5 million people of a population of a little over 12 million hungry.  Whilst the most acute hunger is concentrated amongst the camps that house the 10% of the Somalia population that are internally displaced – just over a million men, women and children –  hunger leaves no part of Somalia untouched, whether urban and rural, in particular those areas where most food is grown and livestock raised.  The recent drought in the North of the country has shown how quickly already fragile livelihoods can be threatened by poor rains.

But as I said, thirty years ago Somalia was able to grow more than twice the food it grows today.  And that is without the 30 years of technological innovation, advance and technical know-how that has accumulated since then.  The potential for massive increases in food production, and the resultant gains in food security are not theory or dreams.  We know that they can be achieved.

So, what are we doing about it, and what are the lessons that other countries and peacebuilding practitioners can learn from Somalia?

Later this year the Government will launch the National Development Plan, the first document of its type for more than 30 years.  I have accompanied its preparation from the very first day.  The NDP as it is known, provides a comprehensive strategy and action plan for the next three years.  A plan that will kick-start development in Somalia and provide the foundations for lasting growth, stability and poverty reduction.

The productive sectors – in particular, agriculture, livestock and fisheries – lie at the heart of the Plan.  Why?  More than three quarters of the working population are actively engaged in the livestock and agriculture sectors, they contribute a similar amount to the GDP and most importantly, we know that they are the best drivers for taking our country forward quickly and effectively.  Other sectors are important too, including energy, water, sanitation, education, health etc. But the first big emphasis is on the productive sectors. We have the longest coastline in Africa – more than 3000km.  We have many millions of hectares of land that could be cultivated and almost 50 million livestock.

The potential for rapid growth is strong and will deliver quick and visible results that will have a direct impact on people’s lives.  People need to see and experience the benefits of political and economic progress quickly.  Putting food in people’s stomachs and money in people’s pockets is a really good way to cement growth and stability.

Investing in productive infrastructure is key.  It is perhaps the best and quickest way to deliver big increases in food supply.  Strengthening value chains will increase availability throughout the country.  Investing in markets will improve trade.  And we mustn’t think just about agriculture.  My family are pastoralists.  Some of the biggest and most important gains we have seen in recent years have been in the livestock sector.  Animal disease outbreaks in the 1990’s led to a total export ban on Somalia livestock.  This ban was lifted in 2009 following an intensive animal vaccination programme led by FAO, a programme that continues today with more than 120 million animals vaccinated in the last 5 years.  Whereas in 2008, not a single animal was exported, last year we saw more than 5.3 million live animal exports, generating more than a third of a billion dollars in export earnings.  Vaccinations and water points have strengthened livelihoods but have also been a driver for national economic growth.

Improved production and income earning potential diverts farmers, livestock owners and fishermen away from conflict and towards a far better life.

So, these are some of the first lessons.

Lesson 1 – as soon as you can, invest in the productive sectors.  These will help feed your population and put cash in their pockets and it will divert people away from conflict.

Lesson 2 – early investment in the productive sectors, including infrastructure investment, generates benefits and results that reach the poor, hungry and most vulnerable directly and quickly.

Lesson 3 – be as quick as possible to put in place longer-term development plans and priorities.  Even tho’ humanitarian needs continue in Somalia – and will do so for some time to come – it is important to put in place the architecture for long-term development planning as early as possible.  The NDP does this.

Let me go on a little further, to draw out some more lessons.

Somalia is a young country, many say the youngest in the world, with more than 70% of the population under the age of 30.  Youths without hope of a future are vulnerable to conflict and insecurity.  Agriculture, fisheries and livestock can all provide employment, income, opportunity and hope for young people in Somalia today.  This is why FAO’s work to engage young people in fishing for example, is so important.  It gives them a future and at the same time reduces the risks of them becoming involved in less productive and constructive activities. It also increases the supply of protein-rich food and the development of markets.  After all, Somalia’s youth is our future.  We need to invest in them, to harness their spirit, energy, creativity and dynamism to help build Somalia’s future.

This then is a fourth lesson. Investing in youth is an investment in long-term peace, stability and growth.

Somalia has benefitted from an extraordinary engagement from our international friends and partners.  The government, Member States and the UN came together to forge and implement the New Deal Compact.  This provided a vital platform for bringing growth, stability and government to our country after so many years of conflict.  The National Development Plan – the NDP – represents an important step-forward.  It is a Somali-owned and Somali-led process.  This is really important.  Whilst our international partners remain as important as ever – and none more so than the EU, the US, the UK, the World Bank, the African Development Bank when we talk about investment in the productive sectors – and of course, the UN, most obviously FAO, but also WFP, UNICEF, UNDP and others – the NDP puts government back in the driving seat after so many years.  The NDP has been built around an extraordinary level of consultation across the whole country, involving all groups.  The process is almost as important as the final product.  It has been a vehicle for giving responsibility for development back to the people and government of Somalia.

This then, is my fifth and final lesson.  To be enduring, peace and food security must be built on a process that is government led and owned by all groups within society.

Thank you.

Weekly Ministry Staff Meeting

The Deputy minister and permanent secretary of the ministry of planning & international cooperation held weekly ministry staff meeting at the ministry conference hall.meeting7 meeting6-620x264 meeting5-620x264 meeting2-620x264 meeting1-620x264 meeting-1

The PS gave the latest updates about the national development plan and praised those hard-working staffs who were involved in the national development consultations.

The deputy minister has emphasized that outstanding staff will have the first priority to get promotion and bonuses.

Deputy minister and permanent secretary of the ministry of planning & international cooperation held weekly ministry staff meeting at the ministry conference hall.

The PS gave the latest updates about the national development plan and praised those hard-working staffs who were involved in the national development consultations.

The deputy minister has emphasized that outstanding staff will have the first priority to get promotion and bonuses.

Consultations on the Resilience Pillar of the National Development

For the first time since the 1980’s –Federal and State government are preparing a national development plan. It provided an opportunity last week for the government to meet and consult its local NGOs and international development partners to finalise the Resilience Chapter of the National Development Plan.

“We are very pleased to finally have this opportunity. We are very pleased to see the number of partners who have joined us today. These are people who recognise the importance of the resilience chapter to the NDP and to the development of Somalia” said Mr. Abdi Dirshe, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation in his opening remarks

The resilience pillar of the NDP plays and important and complementary role in the National Development Plan. It is the chapter developed to ensure that development is equitable and development is risk. It is there to ensure all Somali’s benefit from peace and prosperity by linking the current humanitarian caseload to the developmental priorities; ensuring the poor and most vulnerable access economic opportunities and basic services; leading efforts to see that the economy and society prepares and manages risks and shocks as well as ensuring a local capacity to respond and manage crisis exists.

The two-day consultation, was hosted by MoPIC in Mogadishu from July 24 to 25.

Mr. Abdi Mohammed Bafo, National Resilience Focal Point  recognised the broad participation across Federal and State government, the presence of donors, local and international NGOs and UN agencies. He emphasized the importance that Somalia should be increasingly able to manage– droughts, floods, disease and conflict in order to protect its development and peace gains.

This Resilience Chapter is about moving from a reactive approach to a proactive one… resiliency is the will to survive and claim his/her rights to be members of just and equitable society, advised Mr Mohammed Moalim, Resilience Pillar Focal Point, Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. He outlined the seven elements of the Resilience Chapter: Mixed Migration (Tahriib), Durable Solutions for the IDPs and returnees, Disaster management, Diaspora Strategy (remittances, knowledge transfer, investment), Climate change & Environment (Natural Resource Management), Social Protection (Poverty Reduction, economic growth), Food Security and nutrition (availability, accessibility, prices) which will work together in a common goal – to ensure that development is inclusive and risk informed.

Mr Dalmar Hassan, Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation emphasised that the resilience chapter was designed to transition the country from relief to development. The Chairman of the Disaster Management Agency,Abdullahi MohamedJim’ale applauded MoPIC for leading a process which for the first time in years is uniting all levels of the federal states together with the federal government. He also voiced his belief in the enormous potential for Somalia, but for that potential to be realised, it must prevent and manage the emergencies which are wrought by conflict, flood, drought and disease. The evolution of the nation’s own disaster management agency and the Resilience Chapter of the NDP is an important step towards seeing that change come about.

Mr. Abdi Dirshe spoke to the audience giving practical examples of how he believed that the Resilience Pillar could play a role in the development of the country. He hopes to see the Environment section provide leadership which will manage charcoal production and protect the forests. He wants the Social Protection section help young people to integrate into the economy, society and made a decent living. He wants to see the IDP/Returnees section can ensure the reintegration and return to Somali society and economy. He expects guidance in the mixed migration section to help young people see a future at home and stem tahrib. He believes they are many forms of insecurity, including food security, undermining the ability of common Somali’s to provide for their families. He wanted to see DMA to lead on not only responding to crises but to be a proactive force to prevent crises. In the diaspora section, he expects guidance on how members of the diaspora, like himself, can have opportunities for to engage, invest and build the country.

It was also an opportunity to discuss plans and results to be achieved under this Chapter and to prepare preliminary budgets.

The two days of the consultation allowed national and sub-national stakeholders to comment, approve and produce revisions to the current draft of the Resilience Chapter. Partners also identified key targets and outcomes to be achieved from 2017 to 2019, as well as plans, priorities, and to prepare preliminary budgets and identify budget gaps. Development and implementing partners identified ongoing programs and projects which should ensure their alignment with the strategies and priorities in the different sections of the Chapter. MOPIC will refer to these contributions as it prepares the final draft of the Chapter.

Over 70 people attended over the two days of consultations. 31 of the participants represented seven branches of federal government, and two state governments, six donors were present, 21 local and international NGOs and 9 UN offices participated.

Federal government of Somalia visit in Japan

A Somali delegation led by H.E. Abdullahi Sheikh Ali, Deputy Minister of Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation, has paid a week-long (10 to 18 of July) official visit to Japan. The delegation was welcomed most cordially by their counterparts from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japanese International Cooperation Agency and other senior officials.

The Federal Government of Somalia and the Government of Japan welcome the cordial relations between their respective countries, and have reaffirmed their shared commitment to strengthen the diplomatic, commercial and developmental ties between the two countries.

Minister Abudullahi praised the government of Japan as particular and valued friend of Somalia that has been at the forefront of international efforts to assist Somalia in their endeavor to recover from the devastation it has suffered in recent years.

Deputy Minister, Abdullahi, welcomed and indeed praised Japan’s proactive contribution to world peace, development and prosperity. He pointed out that Somalia is a direct beneficiary of that policy, and in that regard expressed his appreciation for the support given by the Japanese government to the Somali Police Force.

The Somali delegation made a presentation of the key areas in which assistance from Japan could make a meaningful contribution to the developmental efforts and programs, which the Somali government has embarked upon. These include infrastructure projects; capacity building; youth employment training, and ABE Initiative scholarships. In response the Japanese officials promised to give serious considerations to the requirements presented by the Somali delegation and would devise ways and means of contributing to the developmental programs here highlighted.

The officials of both countries emphasized the importance of promoting bilateral trade and commerce between the two countries. On her part Somalia would welcome, and is indeed ready to provide excellent investment opportunities for Japanese businesses in areas as diverse as telecommunication, fisheries, energy, and mining. Additionally, small and medium sized enterprises in Somalia that deal with products indirectly imported from Japan could establish trading and commercial links directly with Japanese businesses.

In conclusion the meeting has ended successfully with mutual understanding of the importance of the relationship between the two countries. Once more Minister Abdullahi thanked the government of Japan for its ongoing assistance to Somalia, while the Japanese side expressed full appreciation of their partnership with Somalia; a partnership that will grow and prosper appreciably in the future.

E-SURVEY on National DEVELOPMENT PLAN

The Federal Ministry of Planning & International Cooperation (MOPIC) of the Federal Government of Somalia is finalizing the Somalia National Development Plan, which will cover the period 2017-2019. The Government is fully committed to listening to the Somali people and their development priorities and expectations.

Multiple consultations and workshops have been held to develop the content of the plan. However, not everybody has been able to participate. The use of innovative communication tools have the potential of allowing people’s voices to be listened to. MOPIC, with support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), is now launching this e-consultation to provide another opportunity to the citizens to provide their inputs into the National Development Plan.

An e-consultation is the process of enabling a ‘consultative’ interaction between a given entity (in this case the Federal Government of Somalia, through the Ministry of Planning & International Cooperation) and a selected group of stakeholders (in this case Somali citizens) using electronic media like internet or mobile phones. The chosen media allows an on-line interactive mechanism to provide opinion about a specific theme and allow to capture opinions of a wide number of people, who can response to questions in a quick and easy manner.

The consultation intends to raise awareness of the National Development Plan amongst the Somali people and increase understanding of preferences of citizens in relation to different aspects of the plan or its implementation.

The survey is fully anonymous and should not take more than 15 minutes to respond. The survey will be opened until 31 July and results are expected to be published in www.mopic.gov.so in August.

The survey can be accessed on the following links:

–       In Somali:   https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/N69C6MY

–       In English:  https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/NYC3VQW

NDP Social sector consultations held in Mogadishu

A social sector consultation workshop was successfully organized between 10 – 12 July at AMISOM VIP Meeting Hall. The workshop was attended by senior government officials at federal and state levels respresenting the key social sectors as well as civil society, non-governmental organizations, united nations agencies and donors.

The overall objective of the consultation workshop was to finalize and validate the draft Social Chapter of the NDP with social sectors’ stakeholders at national and sub-national levels.

The specific objectives of the consultation workshop were:

  1. To review and agree draft social sector plan and results framework of key social sectors (health, nutrition, water, hygiene and sanitation, education, youth and sports);
  2. To estimate the budget (resource envelope) requiered to fund the social sectoral plans; and
  • To identify available funding and ongoing interventions with development and implementing partners and ensure their alignment with the corresponding social sectoral plans of the NDP;

During the three days, the forum has thoroughly reviewed and updated the draft plans and result-framework of the social sectors’ of the NDP (health, nutrition, education, labour and employment, water, hygiene and sanitation, youth and sports); discussed and agreed the resources required to fund the social sector plans of the NDP; and discussed the possibilities to share information on available funding and ongoing interventions by development and implementing partners.

The consultation workshop was organized and spearheaded by MOPIC with UNDP Somalia support and UNICEF.

Monthly DGs meeting held in Mogadishu

The Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation (MoPIC) sends its compliments to all of the national and international stakeholders who participated in the initial consultations of the National Development Plan (NDP).

Deputy Minister of  Planning and International Cooperation H.E Prof. Abdullahi Shiekh opened the meeting and addressed in his opening remarks “We are delighted to inform you that we have now completed the zero draft of the NDP after more than a year of laborious work. We wish take this opportunity to express our deepest gratitude to all of you who have played a role in putting together Somalia’s first NDP in 30 years. Together, we are, indeed, on the cusp of transforming Somalia’s development agenda”

Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Planning and International Abdi Dirshe  addressed  the need to review the draft of the NDP and more contributions “We request that you prepare relevant information, and engage in a robust and exhaustive discussion on the stated priorities of each sector, all the while ensuring that the NDP remains realistic and achievable over the next three years”

The Interim National Development Plan (INDP) 2016 – 2019 which is being prepared in broad consultation with stakeholders and development partners will describe Somalia’s macroeconomic, structural and social policies that will support poverty reduction and economic growth.